Wisdom Tooth Extraction: End your Painful Nightmares

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Wisdom teeth typically show up when you are 17 to 25 years old, which is the time when almost all of the teeth are in position and stable. If they get misaligned, the experience can be a very traumatic milestone in someone’s experience. When wisdom teeth start to grow, you can also have other symptoms like tenderness and some inflammation on the teeth.

How then, should you know whether you should have them extracted or not? This article was researched with the help of Singapore’s Dental portal Dental and we’ll look at the how’s and why’s of wisdom tooth extraction.

Why is it so difficult to deal with wisdom teeth?

Since all your other teeth are already set in place when the wisdom tooth grows, there is no gap for another tooth to show up. This can trigger a tooth impaction, which is when the wisdom tooth gets lodged beneath the gums. This can also cause dental complications by damaging and impairing the other teeth. This is why it is essential to go for frequent dental checkups to monitor your teeth’ development and prevent dental issues.

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What will be the result of a wisdom tooth impaction?

The tooth can become stuck under your gums if there is not enough space for it to grow. This is known as a wisdom tooth impaction. If left untreated, the impaction can result in gum disease, infection, and cavities. You can also encounter gum swelling or bleeding, poor breath, and some difficulty in biting and mastication. Extracting the wisdom tooth impaction will require surgery, and would almost certainly be suggested by your tooth doctor. 

The surgery for extraction might also be needed if the wisdom tooth grows at a misaligned angle, your jaw is too short for an additional tooth, or you have periodontal disease.

How do you prepare for a wisdom tooth extraction?

The surgical procedure will not necessarily require an overnight stay in a dental care center or hospital. Right after it finishes, you can then go back home, but it is important that you have a chaperon to help get you back home.

If you are currently taking some prescription medicine, always inform your tooth doctor about it and ask him/her if you can ingest them before the procedure. Based on the complexity of the extraction, the doctor will recommend to you which anesthetic type will be administered. You will be conscious while the operation is ongoing if a local type of anesthetic is utilized, but you won’t experience any discomfort. On the other hand, sedation anesthesia will be provided to your body through a line IV in your arm.

This will turn you sleepy and drowsy throughout the whole procedure. Finally, if a general type of anesthesia is utilized, you will be sleeping while the whole tooth extraction treatment is happening and you will awaken about 50 minutes after the procedure.  

What is happening during the extraction of a wisdom tooth?

The whole treatment will be finished after about ¾ of an hour to an hour. An injection of the chosen anesthetic type (local, sedative, or general) will be administered to you beforehand. Once the anesthesia takes full effect, the tooth surgeon will create an incision on your gums to access the tooth impaction and remove some bone to reach access to the root of the tooth. The tooth will then be shattered, making the extraction easier. Once the whole thing is finished, the tooth surgeon will cleanse the area and secure the wound by stitching.

What food can you consume after?

You should only consume easy-to-chew foods for 5 to 7 days after the treatment. These include mashed vegetables, yogurts, blended soups, smoothies, broths, and soft ice cream. Food that is hot, crispy, or rough, as well as alcoholic drinks, should not be in your diet. Once the wound repairs, you can start eating some semi-soft food like oatmeal. After 5 or 7 days, you can go back to eating your usual food choices. Keep in mind that before eating it, you should let food cool down because hot foods can burn and damage the treated site.

It is going to be difficult to eat at all after the extraction, but you should still ingest healthy and easy-to-chew food to help you quickly heal and recover.

What are other important things you need to do after wisdom tooth surgery?

  1. Get some ice wrapped in a cloth or a cold compress and apply it to the area of your face near the tooth impaction. Any discomfort or swelling should then be reduced.
  2. Whenever you lie down, always position your head higher than your body.
  3. For about 5 to 7 days after the procedure, limit yourself to eat only foods that are easy to chew.
  4. The more liquid you drink, the better it is for your recovery.
  5. Always take your dentist’s prescribed medicine at the correct dosage and time.

What are things should you avoid?

  1. Stay away from foods that are difficult to chew on the first few days after the treatment.
  2. Do not smoke or drink any alcoholic drinks.
  3. While drinking, refrain from using straws. Using one can dislodge the blood clots in the treatment site and hinder the healing.
  4. Do not brush or touch your gums/teeth till the day after the procedure. Do it on the following day, but keep in mind to avoid the site of extraction.

When should you see a doctor again after the procedure?

Although you can recover in only a few weeks, you will have to wait months for the wound to heal completely. Keep in mind that you have to properly care for your wound and take your doctor’s prescribed drugs at the right time to avoid any complications. You may continue to experience some side effects such as swelling and bleeding, but if these become intolerable, see your dentist immediately.

Also, if you experience any of the following symptoms, then you should report to your doctor immediately:

  1. The bleeding gets worse.
  2. Issues in swallowing food/medicine.
  3. The numbness and swelling get worse.
  4. Fever
  5. The nose is bleeding with puss

Reminder:

Do not remove the stitches, it will dissolve or be removed after a week all by themselves. Make sure also to rinse your mouth with salt water, it helps clean the wound and avoid infections.

 

Additional Reading:-

Wisdom Tooth Extraction

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